MERIC NEWS LETTER

Number of Patents Increase in Missouri, Life Sciences Top List

The number of patents in Missouri increased by 131 last year to 863. The U.S. issued 102,239 patents in 2006. According to the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) this was the first increase in the state in six years. The dip had been gradual until 2005, when the total number of patents dropped to 732, before increasing last year to nearer previous levels.


Source: http://www.uspto.gov/web/offices/ac/ido/oeip/taf/reports_stco.htm#P_COUNTS

The USPTO categorizes patents into five categories: utility, design, plant, reissue, and statutory invention registrations (SIR). The most common of patents are utility patents, also known as "patents for inventions" and are responsible for the majority of technological advancement.

Eighty-three percent of last year's patents in Missouri were utility patents. These patents are issued for inventions, such as a new machine, manufacture or composition of matter, or a new and useful improvement. Another 135 patents were categorized as design patents, issued for the design of an article of manufacture; five were issued for an invented or discovered asexually reproduced plants and two were reissued patents.

Missouri by Classification 
Between 2001 and 2005 at least one patent was issued for 300 of the 401 (74.8%) classes of patents in Missouri. These came predominantly from life sciences. Four of the top ten classifications were issued in life sciences for the period analyzed: Drug, Bio-Affecting and Body Treating Compositions; Chemistry: Molecular Biology and Microbiology; Organic Compounds; and Multicellular Living Organisms. They accounted for 17.8 percent of all patents issued in Missouri.

Missouri Patents by Classification, 2001-2005

Class Title 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005

Total

National Rank
424 Drug, Bio-Affecting and Body Treating Compositions (includes Class 514)  76 106 77 88 53 400 15th
435 Chemistry: Molecular Biology and Microbiology  37 23 29 23 16 128 17th
532 Organic Compounds (includes Classes 532-570)  24 24 20 18 15 101 19th
128 Surgery (includes Class 600)  13 23 24 13 18 91 20th
426 Food or Edible Material: Processes, Compositions, and Products  18 14 11 11 7 61 9th
5 Beds  14 11 12 11 9 57 8th
800 Multicellular Living Organisms and Unmodified Parts Thereof and Related Processes  9 13 10 10 14 56 9th
73 Measuring and Testing  8 14 12 8 9 51 22nd
428 Stock Material or Miscellaneous Articles  11 8 15 8 9 51 26th
604 Surgery (Medicators and Receptors)  10 10 14 5 8 47 20th
310 Electrical Generator or Motor Structure  9 6 5 15 10 45 12th
137 Fluid Handling  13 4 7 9 11 44 15th
117 Single-Crystal, Oriented-Crystal, and Epitaxy Growth Processes; Non-Coating Apparatus Therefor  15 7 12 3 4 41 2nd
222 Dispensing (apparatus and process)  10 8 6 10 7 41 14th
119 Animal Husbandry  5 12 8 7 8 40 12th
530 Chemistry: Natural Resins or Derivatives; Peptides or Proteins; Lignins or Reaction Products Thereof  7 6 11 5 11 40 9th
520 Synthetic Resins or Natural Rubbers (includes Classes 520-528)  12 9 9 3 5 38 26th
29 Metal Working  8 6 6 9 8 37 23rd
362 Illumination  6 4 11 8 8 37 21st
606 Surgery (instruments)  8 6 10 7 5 36 26th
62 Refrigeration  10 6 8 4 7 35 21st
244 Aeronautics and Astronautics  4 4 6 13 8 35 12th
248 Supports (e.g., for holding articles, etc.)  5 14 10 3 3 35 18th
280 Land Vehicles  11 9 3 5 7 35 23rd
379 Telephonic Communications  3 6 5 15 6 35 22nd

Source: http://www.uspto.gov/web/offices/ac/ido/oeip/taf/tecstc/classes.htm


State Comparison 
Missouri ranked twenty-fourth nationally in the number of patents issued in 2006 and second among its border states, trailing only Illinois. The top five states were California (25,039), accounting for nearly a quarter of all patents, Texas (6,716), New York (6,406), Massachusetts (4,368) and Michigan (4,178).

Top 25 States by Number of Patents, 2006 

State Totals Utility Design Plant Reissue
U.S. Total 102,239 89,823 11,691 430 295
CALIFORNIA 25,039 22,275 2,531 165 68
TEXAS 6,716 6,308 385 2 21
NEW YORK 6,406 5,627 753 8 18
MASSACHUSETTS 4,368 4,011 336 8 13
MICHIGAN 4,178 3,758 404 9 7
ILLINOIS 4,053 3,294 737 12 10
NEW JERSEY 3,627 3,172 434 6 15
WASHINGTON 3,620 3,286 322 3 9
OHIO 3,291 2,630 652 3 6
MINNESOTA 3,268 2,957 290 16 5
FLORIDA 3,261 2,600 582 64 15
PENNSYLVANIA 3,186 2,842 330 4 10
OREGON 2,536 2,060 421 50 5
COLORADO 2,349 2,118 223 0 8
NORTH CAROLINA 2,232 1,974 247 8 3
WISCONSIN 2,150 1,688 452 3 7
ARIZONA 1,893 1,705 183 0 5
CONNECTICUT 1,857 1,652 196 5 4
GEORGIA 1,719 1,487 202 26 4
IDAHO 1,717 1,663 48 0 6
MARYLAND 1,556 1,410 136 1 9
INDIANA 1,499 1,165 319 7 8
VIRGINIA 1,231 1,094 128 0 9
MISSOURI 863 721 135 5 2
TENNESSEE 817 669 144 1 3

Source: http://www.uspto.gov/web/offices/ac/ido/oeip/taf/st_co_06.htm 
Totals column excludes counts of SIR's.

A 2003 MERIC report titled "Building on Our Innovative Strengths: 40 Years of Use Patents in Missouri" can be found on the MERIC website at: http://www.missourieconomy.org/pdfs/patents63-03.pdf

Source: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, Electronic Information Products Division, Patent Technology Monitoring Team (PTMT), Calendar Year 2006 Patent Counts by Patent type and by state or origin, Patent origin is determined by the residence of the first-named inventor as displayed on the face of each patent. Additional patent data can be found at: http://www.uspto.gov/web/offices/ac/ido/oeip/taf/reports.htm


 
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