Six analysis tools are used to determine which industries should be chosen for targeting in St. Louis City. The first two, Specialization Ratios (SR) and the Regional Shift (RS) component of Shift-Share Analysis (SSA), help to determine which industries might have a competitive advantage in a region. The third and most important type, the Economic Impact (EI) analysis, helps to identify which industries will benefit the region most should they expand. The Skills-Mismatch Index (SMI) determines whether the skills of the available workforce in a region match the needed skills for a particular industry. The Industrial Mix (IM) component of SSA helps to identify emerging industries. Finally, the Current Employment (CE) level of a regional industry helps to determine whether needed infrastructure is in place to attract particular industries and is an important factor when considering SRs. Industries are awarded points on a scale of 0 to 100 based on whether they meet necessary criteria in these six categories. Those industries that score the highest are those recommended for targeting.
The diagram below presents a graphic illustration of this methodology. The orange lines connect those factors that have a specific relationship as described above.
Industries chosen for targeting are those industries that have high scores in the six categories discussed above. For each category, a condition has been established that determines whether an industry has performed well in a category. For each category in which an industry performs well, that industry is awarded a set amount of points. If an industry does not meet the condition for that category, no points are awarded. The categories and their point values are as follows:
|Condition 1: High Economic Impact||40|
|Condition 2: High Specialization Ratio||20|
|Condition 3: Strong Regional Shift||20|
|Condition 4: Low Skills-Mismatch||10|
|Condition 5: Positive Industrial Mix & Regional Shift||5|
|Condition 6: High Current Employment||5|
An industry that scores well in each of the categories receives a score of 100 points, while those industries that perform poorly receive 0 points. Industries that score 50 or more points are those recommended for targeting.
The table on the following pages presents those industries with scores of 50 or higher on the target scale. (The full report presents the scores for all industries in St. Louis City.) No industries received a perfect score of 100 points in St. Louis City, and only six scored 80 points or higher. Of the 71 industries presented, 36 of these scored only 50 points.
It is interesting to note that the list of target industries recommended for St. Louis City is a rather eclectic combination in many respects. For example, 4 of the top 6 targets are non-manufacturing industries. Of the top 10 manufacturing industries, 7 are non-durable manufacturing industries.
It is important to note the strong showing of firms in Life Sciences industries, represented by SICs 28 (Chemical Mfg.), 384 (Medical Eqp. Mfg.), and 873 (Research Services). In addition, Information Technology industries are represented by SIC 48, Communications.
The map on the final page shows the current locations of target industries in St. Louis City. More importantly, it implies that those locations already have needed infrastructure in place to attract target industries.
TM2 has provided a list of 71 industries that have the best potential results for economic development in St. Louis City. The original Target Missouri provided a list of 34 target industries for the entire St. Louis Metro region. Of these, 21 appear on both lists, so in this case, the two studies have obtained slightly different results. The expanded list generated by TM2 provides a list of industries that better fits the specifics of St. Louis City, as well as providing rankings that shed some light on the relative importance of certain industries.