Population Data Series


Missouri Minority
Populations -- 2000 Census

Missouri's largest race category, Black or African American, reported significant population increases during the 1990's. The black population grew 14.5% from 549,719 in 1990 to 629,391 in 2000. In contrast, Missouri's total population grew by 9.3% from just over 5.1 million in 1990 to slightly under 5.6 million in 2000.

Cedar (1366.7%), Reynolds (1066.7%), and Crawford (1000%) counties reported enormous percent increases since 1990 in Black population. St. Louis County reported the largest increase in persons - 53,711, a 38.5% increase; followed by Jackson County with 16,084, an 11.8% increase; and Boone County with 3,165, a 37.6% increase. Thirty-two of Missouri's 114 counties reported percentage increases from 1990 of over 100%, with three reporting increases of 1,000% or higher.

Not all of Missouri counties experienced positive growth in Black population. Osage (-46.2%), Stoddard (-34.0%), and Knox (-33.3%) counties experienced the largest percent declines in Black population. St. Louis City experienced the largest decline in the number of Black persons, 10,399, a 5.5% decrease; followed by Pulaski County with a loss of 770 persons, a 13.5% decrease; and Johnson County with a loss of 382 persons, a 15.5% decrease. Overall, twenty-five of Missouri's 114 counties and the City of St. Louis reported negative growth in the Black population, while three counties reported no change.

Census data for the 1990 and 2000 census are not directly comparable because individuals could report only one race in the 1990 census and could report multiple races in the 2000 census. Thus the difference in population is due both to changes in the census questionnaire and to real population change.

Black Population 2000


Ten Largest Counties Ten Smallest Counties
County Population County Population
St. Louis County 193,306 Mercer County 7
City of St. Louis 178,266 Holt County 6
Jackson County 152,391 Ripley County 6
Boone County 11,572 Carter County 5
St. Charles County 7,635 Clark County 5
Cole County 7,084 Daviess County 4
Greene County 5,426 Knox County 4
Pemiscot County 5,259 Worth County 4
Pulaski County 4,935 Putnam County 3
Clay County 4,894 Schuyler County 2
Ten Largest Growth Ten Smallest Growth
County Population County Population
St. Louis County 53,711 City of St. Louis -10,399
Jackson County 16,084 Pulaski County -770
Boone County 3,165 Johnson County -382
St. Charles County 2,681 Pemiscot County -338
Cole County 2,235 New Madrid County -244
Clay County 2,185 Stoddard County -139
Greene County 1,665 Lafayette County -133
Platte County 1,348 Randolph County -106
Buchanan County 1,098 Saline County -79
Pike County 834 Lewis County -78
Ten Fastest Growth Ten Slowest Growth
County Percentage Change County Percentage Change
Cedar County 1366.7% Osage County -46.2%
Reynolds County 1066.7% Stoddard County -34.0%
Crawford County 1000.0% Knox County -33.3%
Sullivan County 900.0% Linn County -29.3%
McDonald County 850.0% Lewis County -22.7%
Taney County 762.5% Ralls County -22.5%
Ozark County 600.0% Chariton County -20.2%
Dent County 490.0% Carroll County -19.9%
Carter County 400.0% Johnson County -15.5%
Douglas County 366.7% Lafayette County -15.1%



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Black Total Population



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Black Population Percent Change from 1990



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Black Population as a Percentage of Total Population



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Black Population Change 1990-2000

County 2000 Total Population 2000 Black Population 1990 Black Population Total Change from 1990 % Change from 1990 County 2000 Total Population 2000 Black Population 1990 Black Population Total Change from 1990 % Change from 1990
Missouri total 5,595,211 629,391 549,719 79,672 14.5% Lincoln County 38,944 677 591 86 14.6%
Adair County 24,977 299 223 76 34.1% Linn County 13,754 82 116 -34 -29.3%
Andrew County 16,492 69 32 37 115.6% Livingston County 14,558 339 319 20 6.3%
Atchison County 6,430 132 87 45 51.7% Macon County 15,762 349 363 -14 -3.9%
Audrain County 25,853 1,859 1,421 438 30.8% Madison County 11,800 15 10 5 50.0%
Barry County 34,010 39 25 14 56.0% Maries County 8,903 29 27 2 7.4%
Barton County 12,541 36 11 25 227.3% Marion County 28,289 1,308 1,251 57 4.6%
Bates County 16,653 101 108 -7 -6.5% McDonald County 21,681 38 4 34 850.0%
Benton County 17,180 25 13 12 92.3% Mercer County 3,757 7 3 4 133.3%
Bollinger County 12,029 25 12 13 108.3% Miller County 23,564 65 23 42 182.6%
Boone County 135,454 11,572 8,407 3,165 37.6% Mississippi County 13,427 2,757 2,804 -47 -1.7%
Buchanan County 85,998 3,751 2,653 1,098 41.4% Moniteau County 14,827 561 158 403 255.1%
Butler County 40,867 2,132 1,983 149 7.5% Monroe County 9,311 357 357 0 0.0%
Caldwell County 8,969 12 14 -2 -14.3% Montgomery County 12,136 248 289 -41 -14.2%
Callaway County 40,766 2,307 1,582 725 45.8% Morgan County 19,309 98 94 4 4.3%
Camden County 37,051 95 58 37 63.8% New Madrid County 19,760 3,035 3,279 -244 -7.4%
Cape Girardeau County 68,693 3,624 2,993 631 21.1% Newton County 52,636 312 175 137 78.3%
Carroll County 10,285 177 221 -44 -19.9% Nodaway County 21,912 295 166 129 77.7%
Carter County 5,941 5 1 4 400.0% Oregon County 10,344 10 3 7 233.3%
Cass County 82,092 1,166 687 479 69.7% Osage County 13,062 21 39 -18 -46.2%
Cedar County 13,733 44 3 41 1366.7% Ozark County 9,542 14 2 12 600.0%
Chariton County 8,438 269 337 -68 -20.2% Pemiscot County 20,047 5,259 5,597 -338 -6.0%
Christian County 54,285 145 35 110 314.3% Perry County 18,132 33 17 16 94.1%
City of St. Louis 348,189 178,266 188,665 -10,399 -5.5% Pettis County 39,403 1,197 1,172 25 2.1%
Clark County 7,416 5 3 2 66.7% Phelps County 39,825 596 398 198 49.7%
Clay County 184,006 4,894 2,709 2,185 80.7% Pike County 18,351 1,682 848 834 98.3%
Clinton County 18,979 288 337 -49 -14.5% Platte County 73,781 2,574 1,226 1,348 110.0%
Cole County 71,397 7,084 4,849 2,235 46.1% Polk County 26,992 122 70 52 74.3%
Cooper County 16,670 1,493 1,150 343 29.8% Pulaski County 41,165 4,935 5,705 -770 -13.5%
Crawford County 22,804 33 3 30 1000.0% Putnam County 5,223 3 2 1 50.0%
Dade County 7,923 21 20 1 5.0% Ralls County 9,626 107 138 -31 -22.5%
Dallas County 15,661 19 16 3 18.8% Randolph County 24,663 1,734 1,840 -106 -5.8%
Daviess County 8,016 4 2 2 100.0% Ray County 23,354 341 303 38 12.5%
DeKalb County 11,597 1,028 749 279 37.2% Reynolds County 6,689 35 3 32 1066.7%
Dent County 14,927 59 10 49 490.0% Ripley County 13,509 6 6 0 0.0%
Douglas County 13,084 14 3 11 366.7% Saline County 23,756 1,280 1,359 -79 -5.8%
Dunklin County 33,155 2,879 2,635 244 9.3% Schuyler County 4,170 2 1 1 100.0%
Franklin County 93,807 882 752 130 17.3% Scotland County 4,983 10 3 7 233.3%
Gasconade County 15,342 18 11 7 63.6% Scott County 40,422 4,246 3,499 747 21.3%
Gentry County 6,861 8 6 2 33.3% Shannon County 8,324 14 3 11 366.7%
Greene County 240,391 5,426 3,761 1,665 44.3% Shelby County 6,799 66 56 10 17.9%
Grundy County 10,432 42 11 31 281.8% St. Charles County 283,883 7,635 4,954 2,681 54.1%
Harrison County 8,850 12 8 4 50.0% St. Clair County 9,652 22 22 0 0.0%
Henry County 21,997 225 227 -2 -0.9% St. Francois County 55,641 1,126 969 157 16.2%
Hickory County 8,940 7 5 2 40.0% St. Louis County 1,016,315 193,306 139,595 53,711 38.5%
Holt County 5,351 6 7 -1 -14.3% Ste. Genevieve County 17,842 128 45 83 184.4%
Howard County 10,212 699 733 -34 -4.6% Stoddard County 29,705 270 409 -139 -34.0%
Howell County 37,238 114 62 52 83.9% Stone County 28,658 21 6 15 250.0%
Iron County 10,697 167 49 118 240.8% Sullivan County 7,219 10 1 9 900.0%
Jackson County 654,880 152,391 136,307 16,084 11.8% Taney County 39,703 138 16 122 762.5%
Jasper County 104,686 1,551 1,155 396 34.3% Texas County 23,003 49 16 33 206.3%
Jefferson County 198,099 1,354 1,209 145 12.0% Vernon County 20,454 125 59 66 111.9%
Johnson County 48,258 2,089 2,471 -382 -15.5% Warren County 24,525 476 513 -37 -7.2%
Knox County 4,361 4 6 -2 -33.3% Washington County 23,344 578 378 200 52.9%
Laclede County 32,513 138 96 42 43.8% Wayne County 13,259 22 8 14 175.0%
Lafayette County 32,960 749 882 -133 -15.1% Webster County 31,045 359 190 169 88.9%
Lawrence County 35,204 95 24 71 295.8% Worth County 2,382 4 1 3 300.0%
Lewis County 10,494 265 343 -78 -22.7% Wright County 17,955 50 36 14 38.9%


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